Litigation & Dispute Resolution
There are many pathways to resolve disputes, including the intervention of a third party (such as the Court or a mediator). On one end is simple negotiation between the parties, where there is no intervention by a third party. On the other end is litigation, where parties engage in the Court process and if the matter comes to final hearing, a judicial officer (usually a Judge) ultimately resolves the dispute.
Mediation and arbitration are in the middle, mediation involves a mediator working with the parties to resolve the matter, however a mediator will not decide the matter and any opinion they do have is typically non-binding. Whilst arbitration involves an arbitrator making a decision on the matter, this process may be less formal and more expeditious than a Court process.